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Soap | Encyclopedia.com

Soap | Encyclopedia.com

Soap Background Soap is a combination of animal fat or plant oil and caustic soda [1]. When dissolved in water, it breaks dirt away from surfaces. Through the ages soap has been used to cleanse, to cure skin sores, to dye hair, and as a salve or skin ointment.

Soaps and soap making - NICNAS

Soaps and soap making - NICNAS

Soap-free cleansers such as syndet bars are generally made by mixing the ingredients without a chemical reaction. Read more about the difference between blending and manufacturing chemicals You should do your own research to understand whether a chemical reaction has occurred in your soap-making process.

Soapy Science: Citric Acid in Soap Making

Soapy Science: Citric Acid in Soap Making

Jul 06, 2019 · First, I want to address one of the most common misconceptions about citric acid before moving on to the good stuff. There is a lot of misinformation floating around the internet in different blogs and Youtube videos that state citric acid is used in soap making specifically to lower the pH to neutral or even an acidic pH.

The history of soapmaking - OpenLearn - Open University

The history of soapmaking - OpenLearn - Open University

In the 16th century, three broad varieties of soap were available: coarse soap made from train oil (extracted from whale blubber), sweet soap from olive oil and speckled soap from tallow. For a while, the making of speckled soap was forbidden, not simply because it .

9.2 The Reaction of Biodiesel: Transesterification | EGEE .

9.2 The Reaction of Biodiesel: Transesterification | EGEE .

9.2 The Reaction of Biodiesel: Transesterification. So, how do we make biodiesel? The method being described here is for making FAMEs biodiesel. The reaction is called transesterification, and the process takes place in four steps. The first step is to mix the alcohol for reaction with the catalyst, typically a strong base such as NaOH or KOH.

What's Wrong With My Soap? {troubleshooting cold process .

What's Wrong With My Soap? {troubleshooting cold process .

I'm a beginner in soap making. Thanks for your great sharing. About "Soap has a dark ring or rind around the outside and the middle is lighter". Actually for me this look very beautiful, I'd like to make the soap with a ring like that. Appreciate if you could share how to keep that ring instead of making the color even out. Thanks a lot.

Soapy Science: Citric Acid in Soap Making

Soapy Science: Citric Acid in Soap Making

Jul 06, 2019 · First, I want to address one of the most common misconceptions about citric acid before moving on to the good stuff. There is a lot of misinformation floating around the internet in different blogs and Youtube videos that state citric acid is used in soap making specifically to lower the pH to neutral or even an acidic pH.

Certified Lye - Using Lye to Make Soap

Certified Lye - Using Lye to Make Soap

Making Soap. The following information, Chart of Saponification Values for Making Soap, and Cold Process Soap Recipe have been provided by Pallas Athene Soap. Saponification. Saponification is the chemical process of making soap that involves an exothermic reaction between lye (sodium hydroxide) and a fat (usually oils).

Lye Calculator & Recipe Creator for Soap Making | LyeCalc

Lye Calculator & Recipe Creator for Soap Making | LyeCalc

Advanced and beginner soap making calculator for soapmakers. Create solid, liquid and cream soaps. Save your recipes with pictures and add custome ingredients & instructions to share online. Join the web's best soap making community.

Making Soap With Chemistry!! : 7 Steps (with Pictures .

Making Soap With Chemistry!! : 7 Steps (with Pictures .

The chemicals in the soap combined with the rubbing of the soap back and forth remove the microbes. Saponification is the process of making soap from fats and lye. The chemical reaction between any fat and sodium hydroxide is a saponification reaction. A process where triglycerides react with sodium hydroxide to make .

How Is Soap Made? Learn the Science and the Art of .

How Is Soap Made? Learn the Science and the Art of .

When you make soap using the cold process soap making method, you mix an oil or fat (which is your acid) with Lye (which is your base) to form soap (which is a salt). How exactly does this happen? In order to understand it, you must consider the chemical makeup of the acid and base being used in the reaction.

Soap and detergent | chemical compound | Britannica

Soap and detergent | chemical compound | Britannica

The first detergent (or surface-active agent) was soap. In a strictly chemical sense, any compound formed by the reaction of a water-insoluble fatty acid with an organic base or an alkali metal may be called a soap. Practically, however, the soap industry is .

Saponification - Wikipedia

Saponification - Wikipedia

Making Soap – The Saponification Reaction. Soap is made from reacting a fat or oil (or a mixture) with a strong base (something with very high pH). The chemical structures of fats and oils generally look like this: The left hand side (purple) is always the same – .

The Science of Soap Making in a Lab : 9 Steps (with .

The Science of Soap Making in a Lab : 9 Steps (with .

The science behind soap making is in the structure of the fats, the properties of the lye, and the chemical reaction that produces cleaning molecules. Not only is it a process that uses science, but it's also just a fun activity to make your own soap with the properties that you want.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis: Symptoms, Causes, Pictures .

Allergic Contact Dermatitis: Symptoms, Causes, Pictures .

Allergic contact dermatitis occurs after exposure to an allergen and leads to red and itchy skin. Discover possible causes, symptoms, and how it differs from irritant contact dermatitis. See .

Sulfonation and Sulfation Processes - Chemithon

Sulfonation and Sulfation Processes - Chemithon

make sulfonic acids. SO3 is an aggressive electrophilic reagent that rapidly reacts with any organic compound containing an electron donor group. Sulfonation is a difficult reaction to perform on an industrial scale because the reaction is rapid and highly exothermic, releasing approximately 380 kJ/kg SO3 (800 BTUs per pound of SO3) reacted[2 .

The history of soapmaking - OpenLearn - Open University

The history of soapmaking - OpenLearn - Open University

In the 16th century, three broad varieties of soap were available: coarse soap made from train oil (extracted from whale blubber), sweet soap from olive oil and speckled soap from tallow. For a while, the making of speckled soap was forbidden, not simply because it .

How to make soap: make your own chemical-free soap .

How to make soap: make your own chemical-free soap .

Oct 02, 2009 · The interesting thing about this myth is that the word used today for the chemical reaction for making soap is saponification in my opinion, that lends some authenticity to the myth! Hand-made, chemical-free soap: the real thing. Our great-grandmothers made soap using homemade lye from wood ashes and fat from the last animal to be slaughtered.

soap making reactor, soap making reactor Suppliers and .

soap making reactor, soap making reactor Suppliers and .

A wide variety of soap making reactor options are available to you, There are 451 suppliers who sells soap making reactor on, mainly located in Asia. The top countries of suppliers are China, India, from which the percentage of soap making reactor supply is 99%, 1% respectively.

What is the chemical formula of soap? - Quora

What is the chemical formula of soap? - Quora

Soaps are usually either sodium or potassium salts of fatty acids. They are usually made by combining Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) or Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) with an animal fat, vegetable oil, or even acetic acid. Examples are Sodium Stearate made fr.

Frequently Asked Questions on Soap | FDA

Frequently Asked Questions on Soap | FDA

How it's intended to be used: To be regulated as soap, it must be labeled and marketed only for use as soap. If it is intended for purposes such as moisturizing the skin, making the user smell .

Soap and detergent | chemical compound | Britannica

Soap and detergent | chemical compound | Britannica

The first detergent (or surface-active agent) was soap. In a strictly chemical sense, any compound formed by the reaction of a water-insoluble fatty acid with an organic base or an alkali metal may be called a soap. Practically, however, the soap industry is .

How To Make Glycerin Soap: A Base Recipe for Great .

How To Make Glycerin Soap: A Base Recipe for Great .

Glycerin is a by-product of soap making. It can come from other sources, but soap making is by far the most common source. When you combine lye and water with oils, it saponifies and becomes soap. (Check out our tutorial on making cold process soap.) Actually, the end product is ⅔ soap .

How to make soap: make your own chemical-free soap .

How to make soap: make your own chemical-free soap .

Oct 02, 2009 · The interesting thing about this myth is that the word used today for the chemical reaction for making soap is saponification in my opinion, that lends some authenticity to the myth! Hand-made, chemical-free soap: the real thing. Our great-grandmothers made soap using homemade lye from wood ashes and fat from the last animal to be slaughtered.

US5990074A - Process to make soap - Google Patents

US5990074A - Process to make soap - Google Patents

A process for producing soap which comprises blending soaps, water, and glycerin prepared from a. the neutralization of at least one free fatty acid with a strong alkali to produce soap and water, and b. the saponification of at least one triglyceride with a strong alkali to produce soap and glycerin, the amount of glycerin from step b being sufficient to provide up to about 6 wt. % of .

The Science of Soap Making in a Lab : 9 Steps (with .

The Science of Soap Making in a Lab : 9 Steps (with .

The science behind soap making is in the structure of the fats, the properties of the lye, and the chemical reaction that produces cleaning molecules. Not only is it a process that uses science, but it's also just a fun activity to make your own soap with the properties that you want.

SOAP REACTOR COLD PROCESS, soap cutter machine,soap cutter .

SOAP REACTOR COLD PROCESS, soap cutter machine,soap cutter .

Jan 08, 2014 · SOAP REACTOR COLD PROCESS, soap cutter machine,soap cutter machine manufacturer, soap cutter machine manufacturer in india,Soap Making Machinery Manufacturer For More information : Call On .

The Origin & History of Soap | Chagrin Valley Soap - Ida's .

The Origin & History of Soap | Chagrin Valley Soap - Ida's .

Thus the emergence of the first soap – or at least the first use of soap. A soap-like material found in clay cylinders during the excavation of ancient Babylon is evidence that soapmaking was known as early as 2800 B.C. Inscriptions on the cylinders say that fats were boiled with ashes, a soap-making method.

The Roles of Different Fats and Oils in Soap Making .

The Roles of Different Fats and Oils in Soap Making .

But for soap, saturated fats have multiple benefit. Saturated fats are usually solid at room temperature and consist of straight-chained molecules. For bar soap, they give the soap hardness as helping the soap last longer in the shower. Most commonly used saturated fat used for commercial soap making is beef fat, also known as tallow.

Beginner's Guide to Soap Making: Cold Process - BrambleBerry

Beginner's Guide to Soap Making: Cold Process - BrambleBerry

Beginner's Guide to Soap Making: Cold Process. If you want to customize soap down to the last ingredient, cold process is a great option. You get to choose the oils, colorants, scents, and more. Once you find your perfect recipe you can start getting creative with the designs. Cold process soap .